The name Drush stands for DRUpal SHell. Drush is a command line utility you can use to communicate to your Drupal CMS.
You can use Drush to manage Drupal and:
- Detect errors and issues and fix them
- Bypass using the interface when the Drupal backend is unavailable
- Do regular maintenance and updates
This article lists several useful commands for you, but the list is non-exhaustive. Click on the link to explore more Drush commands.
IN THIS ARTICLE:
- How do I use Drush?
- General commands in Drush
- User management commands in Drush
- Database commands in Drush
- Update Drupal via Drush
How do I use Drush?
Drush is installed on all Webhosting packages in Combell. All you have to do is connect to the account via SSH. For Windows you can use a free SSH client such as Putty. For Linux and Mac, simply use your terminal.
All of the following Drush commands have to be executed from the directory where your Drupal website is installed. To change the current directory, simply use the cd command, for example:
General commands in Drush
Install Drupal with Drush
This will install a blank Drupal website in the directory you execute it from.
Please have in mind this will only work for users with root access, and not for shared hosting. Shared hosting users can simply use the CMS installer in the control panel
drush site-install --db-url=mysql://root:pass@localhost:port/dbname
The following command gives information about the website in the current directory such as the Drupal version, database information, theme, settings file and PHP configuration.
Clear Drupal cache
drush cc all
User management commands in Drush
Create standard user
This command will create a new user with username “username” with standard permissions and with the specified e-mail address and password.
drush user-create username --mail="firstname.lastname@example.org" --password="password"
This command will delete the user with the specified username – in this case “username”.
drush user-cancel username
Edit administrator password
This command will edit the password for the user “admin” and will set it to “new_pass”
drush user-password admin --password="new_pass"
Log in as admin via special URL
This command generates a single sign-in link to log in with admin rights via an http address. Copy and paste the generated URL in your browser and you will immediately be taken in the administrative area of your Drupal, as an admin. You can edit the admin password and any other details.
drush uli -l yourdrupaldomainname.extension
Database commands in Drush
This command will empty the database associated with your Drupal website in the current folder.
!Caution This action will disable your website.
Export database via Drush
Use the following command to generate a database export with the current date as the file name.
drush sql-dump | gzip --stdout > $(date +\%Y-\%m-\%d-\%H-\%M-\%S).sql.gz
Import database via Drush
Use the following command to import an sql dump with name “dump.sql” in your Drupal database. Tip: If you are testing importing the file from the previous step, make sure you unzip it first, using the command gunzip
gunzip dump.sql.gz drush sql-cli < dump.sql
Update Drupal via Drush
Discover available updates for Drupal via Drush
Use the command below to look for new available versions of Drupal
drush up -n | grep available
Updates in Drupal via Drush
Use the command below to update the core / module / theme in both the code and the database
For example the following will update the drupal core.
drush up drupal
Use the command below to update the core / module / theme in the code but not in the database.
Use the command below to update the core / module / theme in the database but not in the code.